The Gendered Worlds of Latin American Women Workers
From Griselda Gambaro, Argentina’s most widely recognized playwright, to such https://kosurisushi.com.ar/2023/02/01/the-8-best-brazilian-dating-sites-apps-that-really-work/ renowned performers as Brazil’s Denise Stoklos and Mexico’s Jesusa Rodríguez, these women are involved in some of Latin America’s most important aesthetic and political movements. Of varied racial and ethnic backgrounds, they come from across Latin America—Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Chile, Colombia, Puerto Rico, Peru, and Cuba.
- ECLAC member States adopted the Regional Gender Agenda which constitutes a progressive, innovative, and forward-looking road map to guarantee the rights of women in all their diversity and to promote gender equality.
- The public instruments to support entrepreneurship in Latin America are heterogeneous and characterized by distinct paths and progresses.
- Action should be taken to prevent digital transformation from worsening existing gender inequalities in the labor market.
- Latin American feminisms, much like Latin American philosophy, have shown concern over the authenticity of ideas that have traveled from epistemic centers (e.g., the United States, Europe).
The study found that participants in public programs had increases in sales, production per worker, wages, and employment in their companies. At the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing , the platform for action with respect to women’s equality and empowerment was defined. It changed the legal frameworks and created institutions oriented to develop and promote gender equality in several countries. A fundamental aspect for business development is access to financing, which can influence the success of new and growing women-owned businesses . In the financial system, the role of institutions is to capture resources from family savings and then, through credit, allocate them to investment projects and business and family initiatives. In this sense, the financial system is related to the economic progress of developing countries because it stimulates savings, capital accumulation, and a better allocation of resources or productive efficiency . Concerning female work activity in Latin America, the percentage of women who own a business is 2.8%, which represents less than half the percentage of male business owners .
Despite the fact that women-owned businesses favor economic development, job creation, family support, and poverty reduction, they still face environmental, legal, institutional, and cultural barriers . In relation to women entrepreneurship programs in several Latin American countries, there are public initiatives based on the policies in the region. The most used instruments are lines of financing, management and administration training, networks, access to credit, technical assistance to improve production, trade shows, seminars, meetings, and conferences, among others . Some of the programs to promote gender equity in women-owned businesses are shown in Table 5 . The legal and regulatory framework influences the start, formalization, and growth of women-owned businesses . There is clear progress in all Latin American countries; however, some countries emphasize more the maternity or gender-specific legal frameworks than the others do .
Federal investment in evidenced-based student success initiatives, like CUNY ASAP, could also help close completion gaps for students of color. And doubling the Pell Grant would have a significant impact on Hispanic student enrollment, since nearly 50% of them receive Pell Grants. In every single state we examined, Latinas have higher levels of degree attainment than Latinos . The average gap in attainment between Latinas and Latinos is 6.2 percentage points. In nearly half of the states we examined, the attainment gap between Latinas and Latinos is 7 percentage points or higher. In less than a quarter of states , the gap is relatively small — below 5 percentage points.
The segmentation of the labor market shows that the majority of women are employed (62%), although this percentage is lower than for their male peers. Similarly, few women are employers (2.8%), while men almost double this percentage, and 18.5% are self-employed. Conversely, household service work (14.2%) and contributing family workers (2.2%) are represented by women . These data show the low female participation in the business world in Latin America . The purpose of this study is to develop an overview of the Latin American women-owned businesses environment in order to analyze the challenges that women entrepreneurs face. Since there is no database providing complete data for this study, the data was collected from several sources that included information of women-owned businesses in Latin American countries from 2010 to 2016. This work is based on documentary research, scientific papers, and secondary sources.
However, the Latina immigrant woman has the immense potential to improve her and her family’s economic situation by becoming an agent of change for her community. Plays an important role in inspiring, empowering, and educating Latinas by providing them with the resources and education they need to achieve economic self-sufficiency.
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In addition to visibility, establishing a clear legal framework for reporting and prosecuting femicide is important to combatting the femicide epidemic. Legally distinguishing femicide from homicide allows for investigations to be conducted with a gender-based lens and for perpetrators of femicide to face distinct punishments. Nearly 1 in 10 (8.7%) Latinas working 27 hours or more a week are living below the poverty line – almost twice the rate of non-Hispanic white women (4.5%). At the same time, among all Latinos, poverty has declined markedly but it still remains high at 15.7%. The story is the same for Latino families headed by a single mom – the poverty rate today is half of what it was in the early 1980s, yet this rate (28.7%) still remains among the highest experienced by any major racial or ethnic group.
Latin American Women Writers
They are creating businesses in areas such as cooking, jewelry and teaching, which have become valuable opportunities for them to obtain financial independence. Ximena Casas is the women’s rights researcher for the Americas region at Human Rights Watch. She previously worked to advance the recognition of sexual and reproductive rights of Latin American women at Planned Parenthood Global and the Center for Reproductive Rights. The solidarity of the Green Wave has helped break down stigma and raise awareness around women’s and girls’ rights, and has influenced policymakers to place reproductive autonomy and gender justice at the core of this political and legal debate. In moves that might have been unthinkable a decade ago,Chile’sCongress is debating the decriminalization of abortion up to 14 weeks, andColombia’sConstitutional Court is hearing a case that could effectively decriminalize abortion by removing it from the country’s penal code. In this way, the broadening of the debate over abortion took place in terms of autonomy and class.
Latin American feminism focuses on the critical work that women have undertaken in reaction to the forces that created this context. At present, the context https://evergreenpreservation.com/where-sexism-and-racism-meet-the-danger-of-existing-as-an-asian-american-woman-georgetown-journal-of-gender-and-the-law-georgetown-law/ is dominated by neoliberal economic policies that, in the environment of globalization, have disproportionally impacted the most vulnerable segments of society.
Women artists, together with the cultural theorist Nelly Richard, were central to the political conceptual art scene in Chile. In Brazil, during periods of lockdown, the probability of femicide nearly doubled. In 2020, Honduras reported 4.7 femicides for every 100,000 women, 2.4 femicides per 100,000 women were reported in the Dominican Republic, and 2.1 per 100,000 women in El Salvador. In total, the estimated number of femicide victims in 17 Latin American countries during 2020 reached more than 4,000. Latin America is immense not only in its size—twice the area of Europe, and stretching from the Rio Grande in Texas to Cape Horn in Patagonia—but in its range of cultural and literary expression. What we call “Latin American culture” is a composite of the rich and diverse output of 20 sovereign countries. Each had its unique struggle for independence and particular ways in which it evolved after the end of colonization.
From my husband, that success comes with effort, that good things in life are not created as a result of speed but of perseverance, and that support for one’s partner is inherent to love. From my siblings, I have learned that family is irreplaceable and that we must take care of family. My best teachers are my three children, https://latindate.org/ who teach me new things about life every day. I think that leadership styles have more to do with personality than with gender.
Although important progress has been made over the last 50 years (with womens participation rate going from around 20% in the 1960s to more than 60% toward the beginning of the 2010s), the pace of growth slowed down in the early 2000s. Once they enter the labor market, women tend to be employed in lower-paying and lower-quality jobs compared to men. On top of this unfavorable situation for women, they are in disadvantage in terms of the 21st century skills and they face “glass ceilings” which limit womens access to hierarchical positions, hindering their professional progression.